Bill S-5, An Act to amend the Criminal Code and another Act (also called the Long-Gun Registry Repeal Act), received first reading in the Senate on 1 April 2009.(1) It is substantially similar to Bill C-21, which received first reading during the 1st Session of the 39th Parliament and to Bill C-24, which received first reading during the 2nd Session of the 39th Parliament. Both bills died on the Order Paper when Parliament was prorogued and dissolved, respectively. The primary objective of the bill is to repeal the requirement to obtain and hold a registration certificate for a non-restricted firearm(2) (i.e., long gun, shotgun, hunting rifle, etc.).